Editor-in-Chief: Kenneth D. Candido, MD
There is a paucity of information related to treatment of pediatric CRPS. Treatment of CRPS in pediatric patients has been guided by adult recommendations, which consist of a multidisciplinary approach involving pharmacotherapy, physical therapy, and psychotherapy, as appropriate. Patients unable to tolerate physical therapy with traditional oral pharmacotherapy may require more invasive pain management techniques such as sympathetic blocks, epidural infusion of analgesics, or spinal cord stimulation to facilitate restoration of function.
This case report describes the successful use of epidural infusion of fentanyl, clonidine, and bupivacaine through a tunneled epidural lumbar catheter for pain management in an 11-year-old girl who developed complex regional pain syndrome I (CRPS I) approximately 2 months after sustaining an injury to her right knee. Following short-lasting pain relief from 3 repeated blocks, she underwent an implant of a tunneled epidural catheter (TEC) and a 4-week infusion of fentanyl (2 mcg/mL), clonidine (1 mcg/mL), and bupivacaine (0.04%). At last follow-up, approximately 3.5 months after implant of the TEC, the patient’s pain and symptoms were completely resolved, her range of motion and function were completely restored, and her physical activity had returned to pre-injury levels.
Key words: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), tunneled epidural catheter, pediatric, continuous regional anesthesia, epidural analgesia, continuous epidural anesthesia, interventional pain management